Tawakel Karman (Arabic: توكل كرمان Tawakkul Karmān) (Anglicised: Tawakel, Tawakkol, Tawakkul or Tawakel Abdel-Salam Karman) (born 7 February 1979) is a Yemeni journalist and politician who is a senior member of Al-Islah and a human rights activist who heads the group Women Journalists Without Chains, which she co-founded in 2005. Karman gained prominence in her country after 2005 in her roles as a Yemeni journalist and an advocate for a mobile phone news service in 2007, after which she led protests for press freedom. Karman organized weekly protests after May 2007. She then became the international public face of the 2011 Yemeni uprising that was a part of the Arab Spring. She has been called by Yemenis the “Iron Woman” and “Mother of the Revolution”. She is a co-recipient of the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize and the first Arab woman and first Yemeni citizen to win a Nobel Prize.